An intraoperative laterally placed distractor for gradual load sharing correction of severe spastic neuromuscular spinal deformity.
PURPOSE: To analyze the overall deformity correction for severe neuromuscular scoliosis using laterally placed intra-operative distraction and compare to those receiving standard surgical technique.
METHODS: This was a retrospective, IRB-approved, cohort study of patients with GMFCS 4 or 5 spastic cerebral palsy with neuromuscular scoliosis, age greater than 10 years, who underwent posterior spinal fusion from 2007 to 2019. All patients had vectored cervical traction with Gardner-Wells tongs, with hips flexed in a relative sitting position. The study cohort underwent intraoperative, laterally placed correction using a distractor placed between two upper ribs and the ipsilateral greater trochanter while the control cohort did not. The 24 study patients were compared to 22 control patients.
RESULTS: Preoperative comparisons identified significant differences in Cobb angle, preoperative flexibility, and pelvic obliquity with the study group having larger, stiffer deformities with greater obliquity. There were no differences in pre-operative sagittal plane deformity. Mean post-operative upright Cobb angle correction was 67.3° ± 14.8° in the study and 55.3° ± 9.9° in the control group, representing a 66% and 60% correction, respectively. No neurological or other complications were noted from the use of this technique.
CONCLUSION: The use of a laterally placed distraction device from upper ribs to ipsilateral greater trochanter allowed gradual lateral un-bending of large stiff neuromuscular spine deformities with greater correction than that of standard technique. In this small series, the technique allowed load-sharing during correction, with hips remaining in a functional sitting position, and without neurological complications.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III-retrospective cohort study.
Distraction; Neuromuscular; Posterior fusion; Scoliosis; Spinal deformity
Bachman, D. R., Singh, L. K., Anderson, J., Schwend, R. M. An intraoperative laterally placed distractor for gradual load sharing correction of severe spastic neuromuscular spinal deformity. Spine Deform 9, 1137-1144 (2021).