Title

Stridor in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and whole body hypothermia: A case series.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2020

Identifier

DOI: 10.3233/NPM-190332

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Stridor is one of the rare side effects of neonatal hypothermia treatment for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of the infants who underwent whole-body hypothermia and developed stridor.

METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 171 infants with moderate or severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy who underwent hypothermia therapy. Demographics, as well as clinical characteristics, were documented.

RESULTS: A total of 18 infants developed transient stridor out of 171 infants who underwent whole-body hypothermia (10.5%). The stridor was transient and resolved in all infants. All infants with stridor received treatment with one or more of the following: racemic epinephrine, dexamethasone, positive pressure ventilation and/or heliox. Two infants required otorhinolaryngologist (ENT) evaluation due to persistent and severe symptoms, of whom one was found to have left vocal cord paresis that improved with time.

CONCLUSION: Stridor is a transient complication associated with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and whole-body hypothermia in neonates. The exact mechanism is unclear and most likely multifactorial. ENT evaluation is recommended in the presence of prolonged symptoms or significant respiratory distress.

Journal Title

J Neonatal Perinatal Med

Volume

13

Issue

4

First Page

463

Last Page

468

Keywords

HIE; airway; cooling; epinephrine; hypothermia; steroid; stridor.

Library Record

Share

COinS