Title

Validation of a next-generation sequencing oncology panel optimized for low input DNA.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-2018

Identifier

DOI: 10.1016/j.cancergen.2018.08.004

Abstract

One caveat of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based clinical oncology testing is the high amount of input DNA required. We sought to develop a focused NGS panel that could capture hotspot regions in relevant genes requiring 0.5-10 ng input DNA. The resulting Penn Precision Panel (PPP) targeted 20 genes containing clinically significant variants relevant to many cancers. One hundred twenty-three samples were analyzed, including 83 solid tumor specimens derived from FFPE. Various input quantities of DNA (0.5-10 ng) were amplified with content-specific PCR primer pools, then sequenced on a MiSeq instrument (Illumina, Inc.) via paired-end, 2 × 186 base pair reads to an average read depth of greater than 6500x. Variants were detected using an in-house analysis pipeline. Clinical sensitivity and specificity were assessed using results from our previously validated solid tumor NGS panel; sensitivity of the PPP is 96.75% (387/400 variants) and specificity is 99.9% (8427/8428 base pairs). Variant allele frequencies (VAFs) are highly concordant across both assays (r = 0.98 p < 0.0001). The PPP is a robust, clinically validated test optimized for low-yield solid tumor specimens, capturing a high percentage of clinically relevant variants found by larger commercially available NGS panels while using only 0.5-10 ng of input DNA.

Journal Title

Cancer Genet

Volume

228-229

First Page

55

Last Page

63

MeSH Keywords

DNA, Neoplasm; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing; Humans; Limit of Detection

Keywords

Clinical NGS testing; Low-yield DNA specimen; Multi-gene panel; Solid tumo

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