Document Type


Publication Date



DOI: 10.2147/PGPM.S306358; PMCID: PMC8318725


Purpose: Plasma efavirenz (EFV) concentrations within therapeutic levels are essential to successfully treat patients suffering from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1. In addition to the drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP2B6, other phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters may have an important role in the pharmacokinetics of EFV. Thus, the influence of phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters on plasma EFV levels was investigated in Thai HIV patients receiving EFV.

Patients and methods: Genotyping was performed by TaqMan® real-time PCR in 149 HIV-infected Thai adults, and plasma efavirenz concentration was measured by a validated high-performance liquid chromatography in 12 hours after dosing steady-state plasma samples at week 12 and 24.

Results: Patients with three or more copies of SULT1A1 had significantly lower median plasma EFV concentrations than those carrying two copies at week 12 (p=0.046) and SULT1A1*2 (c.638G>A) carriers had significantly lower median plasma EFV concentrations compared to those not carrying the variant at week 24 (p=0.048). However, no significant association was found after adjusting for CYP2B6 genotype.

Conclusion: Genetic variation in a combination of SULT1A1*2 and SULT1A1 copy number may contribute to variability in EFV metabolism and thereby may impact drug response. The influence of a combination between the SULT1A1 and CYP2B6 genotype on EFV pharmacokinetics should be further investigated in a larger study population.

Journal Title

Pharmgenomics Pers Med



First Page


Last Page



HIV-1; Thai; efavirenz; phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes; transporter genes


This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

Publisher's Link: