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DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.121.020851


Background: Our Cardiac High Acuity Monitoring Program (CHAMP) uses home video telemetry (HVT) as an adjunct to monitor infants with single ventricle during the interstage period. This study describes the development of an objective early warning score using HVT, for identification of infants with single ventricle at risk for clinical deterioration and unplanned hospital admissions (UHA).

Methods and Results: Six candidate scoring parameters were selected to develop a pragmatic score for routine evaluation of HVT during the interstage period. We evaluated the individual and combined ability of these parameters to predict UHA. All infants with single ventricle monitored at home by CHAMP between March 2014 and March 2018 were included. Videos obtained within 48 hours before UHA were compared with videos obtained at baseline. We used binary logistic regression models and receiver operating characteristic curves to evaluate the parameters' performance in discriminating the outcome of interest. Thirty-nine subjects with 64 UHA were included. We compared 64 pre-admission videos to 64 paired baseline videos. Scoring was feasible for a mean of 91.6% (83.6%-98%) of all observations. Three different HVT score models were proposed, and a final model composed of respiratory rate, respiratory effort, color, and behavior exhibited an excellent discriminatory capability with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 93% (89%-98%). HVT score of 5 was associated with specificity of 93.8% and sensitivity of 88.7% in predicting UHA.

Conclusions: We developed a feasible and reproducible HVT score that can serve as a tool to predict UHA in infants with single ventricle. Future directions involve prospective, multicenter validation of this tool.

Journal Title

J Am Heart Assoc





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early warning score; interstage; monitoring; single ventricle; telemedicine; univentricular heart


This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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