DOI: 10.2147/PHMT.S287719; PMCID: PMC8354769
Chronic abdominal pain is very common in children and adolescent and results in high personal and social costs. Most youth with chronic abdominal pain fulfill criteria for a functional abdominal pain disorder (FAPD) as defined by Rome criteria. These are complex conditions with a wide array of biological, psychological, and social factors contributing to the experience of pain. The purpose of the current review is to provide an overview of the pathophysiology of FAPDs and an up-to-date summary of the literature related to FAPDs in children and adolescents, with additional focus on several areas (eg, diet and probiotics) where patients and families frequently have questions or implement self-directed care. We also provide an approach to the assessment and treatment of pediatric FAPDs focusing on the robust literature regarding psychological interventions and much sparser literature regarding medication treatment.
Pediatric Health Med Ther
abdominal pain; biopsychosocial model; functional abdominal pain disorders; functional dyspepsia; irritable bowel syndrome
Friesen C, Colombo JM, Deacy A, Schurman JV. An Update on the Assessment and Management of Pediatric Abdominal Pain. Pediatric Health Med Ther. 2021;12:373-393. Published 2021 Aug 6. doi:10.2147/PHMT.S287719