Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) bone measurements in children with cystic fibrosis.
BACKGROUND: Individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) have low bone density and increased fracture risk.
METHODS: Cross-sectional study investigating whole body bone mineral content (WBBMC), bone geometry and strength in 12 children with CF compared to 23 age- and sex-matched controls with and without adjusting for age, height, and body composition.
RESULTS: CF group had lower WBBMC than controls (P = 0.007) with larger differences at older ages (age-by-group, P = 0.08). CF group had decreased height (P = 0.006), a trend of lower lean mass per height (P = 0.08), and no difference in relationship between WBBMC and lean mass compared to controls (P = 0.65). Periosteal and endosteal circumferences were smaller in CF (each, P = 0.02). Positive relationships of cortical area and bone strength with age were attenuated with CF (group-by-age; each, P < 0.01).
CONCLUSION: Children with CF have similar WBBMC relative to lean mass as controls. Cortical bone area and bone strength were less in CF group compared to controls, with greater differences in older children.
Absorptiometry, Photon; Adolescent; Body Composition; Bone Density; Bone and Bones; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Cystic Fibrosis; Female; Humans; Male
DXA; bone size; bone strength; cystic fibrosis; whole body bone mineral content
Bai W, Binkley TL, Wallace JW, Carver TW Jr, Specker BL. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) bone measurements in children with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51(1):28-33. doi:10.1002/ppul.23323