Agreement of sedentary behaviour metrics derived from hip-worn and thigh-worn accelerometers among older adults: with implications for studying physical and cognitive health.

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DOI: 10.1123/jmpb.2020-0036; PMCID: PMC8547742


Little is known about how sedentary behaviour (SB) metrics derived from hip-worn and thigh-worn accelerometers agree for older adults. Thigh-worn activPAL micro monitors were concurrently worn with hip-worn ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometers (with SB measured using the 100 count-per-minute (cpm) cut-point; ActiGraph100cpm) by 953 older adults (age 77±6.6, 54% women) for 4-to-7 days. Device agreement for sedentary time and 5 SB pattern metrics was assessed using mean error and correlations. Logistic regression tested associations with 4 health outcomes using standardized (i.e., z-scores) and unstandardized SB metrics. Mean errors (activPAL-ActiGraph100cpm) and 95% limits of agreement were: sedentary time -54.7(-223.4,113.9) min/d; time in 30+ minute bouts 77.6(-74.8,230.1) min/d; mean bout duration 5.9(0.5,11.4) min; usual bout duration 15.2(0.4,30) min; breaks in sedentary time -35.4(-63.1,-7.6) breaks/d; and alpha -0.5(-0.6,-0.4). Respective Pearson correlations were: 0.66, 0.78, 0.73, 0.79, 0.51, 0.40. Concordance correlations were: 0.57, 0.67, 0.40, 0.50, 0.14, 0.02. The statistical significance and direction of associations was identical for ActiGraph100cpm and activPAL metrics in 46 of 48 tests, though significant differences in the magnitude of odds ratios were observed among 9 of 24 tests for unstandardized and 2 of 24 for standardized SB metrics. Caution is needed when interpreting SB metrics and associations with health from ActiGraph100cpm due to the tendency for it to overestimate breaks in sedentary time relative to activPAL. However, high correlations between activPAL and ActiGraph100cpm measures and similar standardized associations with health outcomes suggest that studies using ActiGraph100cpm are useful, though not ideal, for studying SB in older adults.

Journal Title

J Meas Phys Behav





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Sedentary accumulation patterns; frailty and physical function; measurement; physical activity; sedentary behaviour patterns; sitting time

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