Title

Comparison of diagnostic performance of five molecular assays for detection of SARS-CoV-2

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2021

Identifier

DOI: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2021.115518; PMCID: PMC8343369

Abstract

We compared the performance of the Abbott Real Time SARS-CoV-2 assay (Abbott assay), Aptima™ SARS-CoV-2 assay (Aptima assay), BGI Real-Time SARS-CoV-2 assay (BGI assay), Lyra® SARS-CoV-2 assay (Lyra assay), and DiaSorin Simplexa™ COVID assay for SARS-CoV-2 detection. Residual nasopharyngeal samples (n = 201) submitted for routine SARS-CoV-2 testing by Simplexa assay during June-July 2020 and January 2021 were salvaged. Aliquots were tested on other assays and compared against the CDC 2019-nCoV Real-Time RT-PCR assay. Viral load in positive samples was determined by droplet digital PCR. Among 201 samples, 99 were positive and 102 were negative by the CDC assay. The Aptima and Abbott assays exhibited the highest positive percent agreement (PPA) at 98.9% while the BGI assay demonstrated the lowest PPA of 89.9% with 10 missed detections. Negative percent agreement for all 5 platforms was comparable, ranging from 96.1% to 100%. The performance of all five assays was comparable.

Journal Title

Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease

Volume

101

Issue

4

Keywords

COVID-19; Molecular assay comparison; SARS-CoV-2 detection

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