This retrospective cohort study was designed to determine the yield of genetic tests in hypotonic infants and develop a diagnostic algorithm. Out of 496 patients identified by International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 9/10 coding, 324 patients met the inclusion criteria. Diagnostic yields were 32% for karyotype, 19% for microarray, 30% for targeted genetic tests, 38% for gene panels, and 31% for exome sequencing. In addition, we considered the diagnostic contribution of ancillary tests, including neuroimaging, metabolic tests, and so forth. The combination of microarray and exome sequencing gave the highest diagnostic yield. None of the other tests added significant value in arriving at a diagnosis. Based on these results we propose that the vast majority of infants with congenital hypotonia should start with a microarray and proceed with exome sequencing, with the notable exception of infants with clearly syndromic features in whom karyotyping or targeted testing may be more appropriate.
genetic testing; hypotonia; syndrome; whole exome sequencing
Sharma S, Repnikova E, Noel-MacDonnell JR, LePichon JB. Diagnostic yield of genetic testing in 324 infants with hypotonia. Clin Genet. 2021;100(6):752-757. doi:10.1111/cge.14057