Actively Doing Less: Deimplementation of Unnecessary Interventions in Bronchiolitis Care Across Urgent Care, Emergency Department, and Inpatient Settings.

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DOI: 10.1542/hpeds.2019-0284


Background and objectives: Quality improvement (QI) initiatives have increased provider adherence to individual components of a bronchiolitis clinical practice guideline (CPG). Few have evaluated complete adherence to a guideline in multiple types of care settings. Our aim with this study was to increase complete adherence to our institutional bronchiolitis CPG in urgent care center, emergency department, and inpatient settings.

Methods: We conducted a QI study at a single pediatric institution with multiple care settings. Encounters for patients with bronchiolitis ages >60 days to <24 months occurring between October 1 and March 31 in 2015-2018 were included. Those in intensive or subspecialty care were excluded. Management of each encounter was considered adherent to the CPG if none of the following were ordered: respiratory pathogen panel, respiratory syncytial virus antigen, complete blood cell count, blood culture, chest radiography, bronchodilator, antibiotic, or systemic corticosteroid. Medical team education, family engagement, order set modifications, and data dissemination were employed to drive deimplementation. We used interrupted time series to assess changes in processes and outcomes both across and within seasons.

Results: Analysis included 13 063 patient encounters. Hospital-wide complete adherence to the CPG increased (P < .001) from 40.9% (95% confidence interval 39.3%-42.5%) to 54.6% (95% confidence interval 53.2%-56.0%). Although CPG adherence improved in all 3 clinical settings, the use of individual CPG components varied by setting. Direct cost decreased in the urgent care center (P < .001) and emergency department (P = .001).

Conclusions: We created a strict definition of CPG adherence and used QI methodology to deimplement multiple overused tests and medications across the continuum of patient care.

Journal Title

Hosp Pediatr





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MeSH Keywords

Ambulatory Care Facilities; Bronchiolitis; Child, Preschool; Emergency Service, Hospital; Guideline Adherence; Humans; Infant; Inpatients; Quality Improvement; Unnecessary Procedures


Ambulatory Care Facilities; Bronchiolitis; Hospital Emergency Service; Guideline Adherence; Inpatients; Quality Improvement; Unnecessary Procedures

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