Title

Scavenger receptor A1 is required for sensing HCMV by endosomal TLR-3/-9 in monocytic THP-1 cells.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-2010

Identifier

DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2009.10.009

Abstract

Monocytes provide initial surveillance for pathogenic glycopeptides via scavenger receptors (SRs) and for viruses via Toll-like receptors (TLRs) which trigger pro-inflammatory response. However, specific interactions between SR-A1 and TLRs have not yet been assessed in human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-exposed monocytes. Our results showed two patterns of gene expression upon HCMV exposure: genes that were induced within 10 min include SR-A1, Lyn, TLR-2, and IL-12p35, whereas those induced at 1h are TLR-3, TLR-9, TRIF, IRF-3, and IFN-beta. NF-kappaB p65 and TNF-alpha were elevated at both 10 min and 1h post exposure. Further, inhibitory studies using neutralizing antibodies and morpholino antisense oligonucleotides suggested that within 10 min of HCMV exposure, transcription of TNF-alpha and IL-12 genes is TLR-2-dependent fashion. However, induction of both TLR-3-mediated IFN-beta and TLR-9-mediated TNF-alpha at 1h was dependent on SR-A1. These findings reveal a novel mechanistic insight into an interrelationship between SR-A1 and TLR-3/-9 signaling in HCMV-exposed monocytes.

Journal Title

Molecular immunology

Volume

47

Issue

4

First Page

883

Last Page

893

MeSH Keywords

Antibodies, Blocking; Cell Line; Cytokines; Cytomegalovirus; Endosomes; Humans; Inflammation; Male; Models, Immunological; Monocytes; Oligonucleotides, Antisense; Scavenger Receptors, Class A; Signal Transduction; Time Factors; Toll-Like Receptor 2; Toll-Like Receptor 3; Toll-Like Receptor 9

Keywords

Antibodies, Blocking; Cell Line; Cytokines; Cytomegalovirus; Endosomes; Humans; Inflammation; Male; Models, Immunological; Monocytes; Oligonucleotides, Antisense; Scavenger Receptors, Class A; Signal Transduction; Time Factors; Toll-Like Receptor 2; Toll-Like Receptor 3; Toll-Like Receptor 9

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