Improved outcomes for inborn babies with uncomplicated gastroschisis.
INTRODUCTION: Gastroschisis (GS) is a common abdominal wall defect necessitating neonatal surgery and intensive care. We hypothesized that inborn patients had improved outcomes compared to patients born at an outside hospital (outborn) and transferred for definitive treatment.
METHODS: A single center, retrospective chart review at a pediatric tertiary care center was performed from 2010 to 2015. All patients whose primary surgical treatment of GS was performed at this center were included. We compared patients delivered within our center (inborn) to patients delivered outside of our center and transferred for surgical care (outborn). Babies with complicated gastroschisis were excluded.
RESULTS: During the study period 79 patients with GS were identified. Of these, 53 were inborn and 26 were outborn. Sixteen patients were excluded for complicated GS. The rate of complicated GS was higher in the outborn group (32%) compared to the inborn population (11%) (p=0.03). Duration of stay, readmission rate and time on TPN were all significantly decreased for inborn patients, while time to definitive closure was similar. Mortality was 0% for both inborn and outborn patients.
CONCLUSION: Patients with uncomplicated GS seem to benefit from delivery with immediate pediatric surgical care available eliminating the need for transfer.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
Journal of pediatric surgery
Female; Gastroschisis; Humans; Infant; Infant Care; Infant, Newborn; Intensive Care Units, Neonatal; Male; Retrospective Studies; Tertiary Care Centers; Treatment Outcome
ICN; NICU; Gastroschisis; Inborn; Outborn; Uncomplicated
Dalton BG, Gonzalez KW, Reddy SR, Hendrickson RJ, Iqbal CW. Improved outcomes for inborn babies with uncomplicated gastroschisis. J Pediatr Surg. 2017;52(7):1132-1134. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2016.12.003