Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in growth restricted convalescent preterm neonates: clinical characteristics and impediments to early diagnosis.
OBJECTIVES: Describe clinical characteristics, course, and risk factors for hyper-insulinemic hypoglycemia (HIH) in preterm infants and identify impediments to early diagnosis.
METHODS: Electronic records of infant-mother dyads were used to describe clinical characteristics, lab parameters, and course of HIH.
RESULTS: All eight patients (gestational ages 26w0d-29w3d) had intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) due to placental insufficiency, (4/8) were small for gestational age. All maintained normal glucose levels with glucose infusion during the first 48 h six of eight patients had cholestasis despite being on parenteral nutrition for short time (average 17 days). Four of eight patients were treated with diazoxide (average 22 days). Four of eight patients who recovered spontaneously (average 49 days after diagnosis) responded to continuous feeds and hydrocortisone for other clinical indications.
CONCLUSIONS: In IUGR preterms, HIH is asymptomatic, may be prolonged, requiring diazoxide treatment. Transient cholestasis is seen in majority of patients. Euglycemia should be demonstrated on bolus gavage feeds, off glucocorticoids before discontinuing blood glucose monitoring.
Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM
cholestasis; hyper-insulinemic hypoglycemia; intrauterine growth retardation; premature infants
Rodrigues, Megan, Rana, Pratibha, Lee, Gene, Mahajan, Chaitali, Nyp, Michael and Pandey, Vishal. "Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in growth restricted convalescent preterm neonates: clinical characteristics and impediments to early diagnosis" Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 35, no. 3, 2022, pp. 319-323. https://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2021-0515