Title

Analysis of Neurogastrointestinal and Motility Disorders From the National Pediatric Database (Kid's Inpatient Database): Exploring Demographic Access and Outcomes.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1-2022

Identifier

DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000003463

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Pediatric neurogastroenterology and motility (PNGM) disorders impose a significant impact on health-related quality of life and cost of health care in children and adolescents. The detailed understanding of its burden across demographic groups is unknown. The objective of our study is to characterize the demographic and hospitalization trends of patients undergoing PNGM tests.

METHODS: We used Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Inpatient Database (KID) for years 2003-2016 to perform a trend analysis in US hospitalizations for International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 and -10 Clinical Modification (CM)-identified PNGM studies in patients (age) with elective admission and a length of stay (LOS)year, hospital region, facility type, and patient sociodemographic characteristics. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine factors influencing the receipt of motility studies.

RESULTS: There was an overall increase trend in hospitalizations, rates of PNGM studies, and median hospital charges from 2003 to 2016. Patients with private insurance and living in the high-income zip codes were more likely to receive a PNGM study compared with those with governmental insurance and lower income area. Although the race was not found to influence the receipt of the study, a major difference in the LOS was noted across the regions.

CONCLUSIONS: There are income- and insurance-based differences in the rates of inpatient PNGM studies. PNGM studies significantly add to health care burden. Standardization of PNGM practices across the country may decrease the LOS and associated expenses. Future analysis should include ambulatory PNGM services to understand combined inpatient and outpatient trends.

Journal Title

Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition

Volume

75

Issue

1

First Page

10

Last Page

16

MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; Child; Databases, Factual; Hospitalization; Humans; Inpatients; Length of Stay; Quality of Life; United States

Keywords

Factual Databases; Hospitalization; Inpatients; Length of Stay; Quality of Life; United States

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