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DOI: 10.1007/s40262-022-01142-1; PMCID: PMC9439974


Purpose: Intravenous vitamin C (IVC) is used in a variety of disorders with limited supporting pharmacokinetic data. Herein we report a pharmacokinetic study in healthy volunteers and cancer participants with IVC doses in the range of 1-100 g.

Methods: A pharmacokinetic study was conducted in 21 healthy volunteers and 12 oncology participants. Healthy participants received IVC infusions of 1-100 g; oncology participants received IVC infusions of 25-100 g. Serial blood and complete urine samples were collected pre-infusion and for 24 h post-infusion. Pharmacokinetic parameters were computed using noncompartmental methods. Adverse events were monitored during the study.

Results: In both cohorts, IVC exhibited first-order kinetics at doses up to 75 g. At 100 g, maximum concentration (Cmax) plateaued in both groups, whereas area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) only plateaued in the healthy group. IVC was primarily excreted through urine. No saturation of clearance was observed; however, the mean 24-h total IVC excretion in urine for all doses was lower in oncology participants (89% of dose) than in healthy participants at 100 g (99%). No significant adverse events were observed; thus, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was not reached.

Conclusion: IVC followed first-order pharmacokinetics up to 75 g and at up to 100 g had complete renal clearance in 24 h. IVC up to 100 g elicited no adverse effects or significant physiological/biochemical changes and appears to be safe. These data can be used to rectify existing misinformation and to guide future clinical trials.

Registration: identifier number NCT01833351.

Journal Title

Clinical pharmacokinetics





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MeSH Keywords

Administration, Intravenous; Area Under Curve; Ascorbic Acid; Healthy Volunteers; Humans; Infusions, Intravenous; Neoplasms


Intravenous Administration; Area Under Curve; Ascorbic Acid; Healthy Volunteers; Intravenous Infusions; Neoplasms


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