Pressure-Strain Loops, a Novel Non-invasive Approach for Assessment of Children with Cardiomyopathy.

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DOI: 10.1007/s00246-022-02902-3


Non-invasive myocardial work (MW) by left ventricular (LV) pressure-strain loops (PSL) is a novel method for assessing myocardial function while adjusting for afterload, yet pediatric data remain lacking. The aims of this study were to investigate the different patterns of LV PSL and non-invasive MW in pediatric patients with hypertrophic (HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and their association with exercise tolerance. We included 110 pediatric subjects (mean age, 13 ± 4 years, 35 DCM, 40 HCM, and 35 healthy controls). Standard and speckle-tracking echocardiography were performed. LV PSLs were generated, and global work index (GWI), MW efficiency (GWE), constructive work (GCW), and wasted work (GWW) were compared between groups. Regression analysis was used to assess the influence of ventricular function, dimensions, wall thickness, and wall stress on MW and to predict the association between MW and VO2 max as a surrogate of exercise capacity. Patients with DCM had significantly lower GWI compared to controls (GWI 479.6 ± 263.0 vs 1610.1 ± 211.0, P < 0.005). GWE was significantly reduced in DCM (79.3 ± 7.9 vs 95.2 ± 1.3, P < 0.005) due to significantly reduced GCW and increased GWW. HCM patients had significant reduction in GWI and GWE from normal (1237.7 ± 449.1 vs 1610.1 ± 211.0, P = 0.001 and 89.6 ± 4.9 vs 95.2 ± 1.3, P < 0.005, respectively), although less severe than with DCM. In a multivariate regression analysis, GWE had the highest association with VO2 max in both cohorts (DCM: β = 0.68, P = 0.001, HCM: β = 0.71, P = 0.007). Non-invasively assessed myocardial work and LV PSLs provide novel insights into the mechanisms of dysfunction in pediatric patients with cardiomyopathy with good prediction of clinical status and thus hold promise to further explore myocardial mechanistic with clinical relevance in different disease entities.

Journal Title

Pediatric cardiology





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MeSH Keywords

Humans; Child; Adolescent; Echocardiography; Cardiomyopathy, Dilated; Exercise Tolerance; Myocardium; Ventricular Function, Left; Stroke Volume


Cardiomyopathy; Echocardiography; Myocardial work; Non-invasive; Pressure-strain loops

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