DOI: 10.2147/NSS.S361518; PMCID: PMC9662031
Children with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) face a multitude of potential health challenges including life-threatening obesity, endocrinopathies, behavioral and emotional dysregulation, developmental delays, and sleep disorders. In the current perspective piece, we provide a focused review of the condition's etiology and clinical findings, as well as a more in-depth discussion of sleep disorders frequently associated with PWS. In particular, we highlight and discuss difficult clinical scenarios frequently encountered by the pediatric sleep physician caring for this patient population, including diagnosis and treatment of complex sleep-related breathing disorders, considerations for sleep apnea surgery, the interplay between growth hormone and sleep apnea, diagnostic challenges in hypersomnia/narcolepsy, and current and emerging therapies for hypersomnia/narcolepsy. Overall, although there are many areas that need further research, sleep disorders remain a fruitful target for improving quality of life of children with PWS and their families.
Nat Sci Sleep
Prader-Willi syndrome; growth hormone; narcolepsy; sleep apnea
Ingram DG, Arganbright JM, Paprocki E, Halpin KL. Sleep Disorders in Children with Prader Willi Syndrome: Current Perspectives. Nat Sci Sleep. 2022;14:2065-2074. Published 2022 Nov 10. doi:10.2147/NSS.S361518