Document Type


Publication Date



DOI: 10.1177/20503121221146074; PMCID: PMC9806399


OBJECTIVES: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome represents a family of heritable connective tissue disorders that include joint hypermobility, tissue fragility, and skin hyperextensibility. Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome presents with clinical sequela across multiple body systems that require multidisciplinary care. Little is known about adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome who are transgender and gender diverse. To date, there have been no reports of transgender and gender diverse youth in pediatric patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The objective of this study was to characterize transgender and gender diverse adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome seen in a pediatric multidisciplinary specialty clinic.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed and it was found that 28 patients were seen in the Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome multidisciplinary clinic were reported being transgender and gender diverse. Chart review included analysis of all documents in the electronic medical record, including demographic data, gender identity, chosen pronouns, specialty care previously received for Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, symptoms and conditions related to it, and medications.

RESULTS: Of the 166 total adolescents seen in the pediatric multidisciplinary Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome clinic during the study period, 17% reported gender dysphoria. The average age at Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome diagnosis was 13.5 years (range 8-17 years). Most (61%) reported their gender identity as transgender, followed by nonbinary (14%). Most had preferred male (he/him) pronouns (47%), followed by nonbinary (they/them) pronouns (39%). The vast majority reported fatigue (75%), musculoskeletal issues (96%), psychiatric issues (86%), cardiac issues (71%), gastrointestinal issues (68%), and neurologic issues (79%).

CONCLUSIONS: Here we report the first cohort of transgender and gender diverse adolescents in the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome population and show an association between the two. This report increases awareness for providers who care for patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. As care for those with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is often complex and multidisciplinary, providers should adopt practices of gender-affirming medical care that contribute to improved care and outcomes.

Journal Title

SAGE Open Med



First Page


Last Page



Ehlers–Danlos syndrome; gender diverse; pediatrics; transgender


This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (

Publisher's Link: