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DOI: 10.1002/psp4.12881; PMCID: PMC9835126


Indomethacin is used commonly in preterm neonates for the prevention of intracranial hemorrhage and closure of an abnormally open cardiac vessel. Due to biomedical advances, the infants who receive this drug in the neonatal intensive care unit setting have become younger, smaller, and less mature (more preterm) at the time of treatment. To develop a pharmacokinetics (PK) model to aid future dosing, we designed a prospective cohort study to characterize indomethacin PK in a dynamically changing patient population. A population PK base model was created using NONMEM, and a covariate model was developed in a primary development cohort and subsequently was tested for accuracy in a validation cohort. Postnatal age was a significant covariate for hepatic clearance (CLH ) and renal clearance (CLR ). The typical value of the total clearance (CL, the sum of CLR and CLH ) was 3.09 ml/h and expressed as CL/WTmedian = 3.96 ml/h/kg, where WTmedian is the median body weight. The intersubject variability of CLR and CLH were 61% and 207%, respectively. The typical value of the volume of distribution Vp = 366 ml (Vp /WTmedian = 470 ml/kg), and its intersubject variability was 38.8%. Half-life was 82.1 h. Compared with more mature and older preterm populations studied previously, indomethacin CL is considerably lower in this contemporary population. Model-informed precision dosing incorporating important covariates other than weight alone offers an opportunity to individualize dosing in a susceptible patient undergoing rapid change.

Journal Title

CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol





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MeSH Keywords

Infant, Newborn; Infant; Humans; Indomethacin; Infant, Premature; Prospective Studies; Drug Elimination Routes; Forecasting


Indomethacin; Prospective Studies; Drug Elimination Routes; Forecasting


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This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

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