DOI: 10.1111/cts.13447; PMCID: PMC9926081
The goal of this study was to determine whether CYP2D6 metabolizer status within the ondansetron-treated pediatric tonsillectomy population is associated with risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in the post-anesthesia care unit. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients (<18 >years) who underwent tonsillectomy and received ondansetron on the day of the procedure. Data were obtained from BioVU, an institutional biobank that links DNA to de-identified electronic health record data. Subjects were tested for 10 CYP2D6 allelic variants and copy number variation, and genotype data translated into CYP2D6 metabolizer status. The cohort included 652 individuals, 105 (16.1%) of whom had PONV. Rates of PONV were similar across groups: ultrarapid metabolizers (UMs), 1 of 9 (11.1%); normal metabolizers (NMs), 64 of 354 (18.1%); intermediate metabolizers (IMs), 33 of 234 (14.1%); poor metabolizers (PMs), 6 of 39 (15.4%); and ambiguous phenotypes, 1 of 16 (6.3%). In multivariable analysis adjusted for age, sex, and time under anesthesia, CYP2D6 metabolizer status was not associated with PONV, with an odds ratio of 1.37 (95% confidence interval 0.9, 2.1) when comparing PM/IM versus NM/UM. In this large pediatric population, no significant differences were detected for PONV based on CYP2D6 metabolizer status. Further investigation is needed to determine mechanisms for ondansetron inefficacy in children.
Clin Transl Sci
Child; Humans; Ondansetron; Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting; DNA Copy Number Variations; Retrospective Studies; Tonsillectomy
Ondansetron; Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting; DNA Copy Number Variations; Retrospective Studies; Tonsillectomy
Black K, Brenn BR, Gaedigk A, Wanderer JP, Van Driest SL. Pediatric CYP2D6 metabolizer status and post-tonsillectomy nausea and vomiting after ondansetron. Clin Transl Sci. 2023;16(2):269-278. doi:10.1111/cts.13447