Depression and anxiety in persons with Von Willebrand disease.
OBJECTIVE: We assessed sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with depression and anxiety in individuals with Von Willebrand disease (VWD) aged ≥12 years.
METHODS: The study collected data on patients' sociodemographic, joint problems and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using EQ-5D-3L, 8-item patient health questionnaire for depression and 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire from participants in seven geographically diverse US haemophilia treatment centres.
RESULTS: Analyses included 77 participants. The rates of depression and anxiety were 63.6% and 58.3%, respectively. Persons with low VWF displayed higher rates of depression (86.7%) or anxiety (69.2%) compared to those with VWD (58.1%, p = .04 for depression, and 55.9%, p = .38 for anxiety). Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that having joint problems (odds ratio [OR] = 6.3, confidence interval [CI] = 2.0-20.1) was the most important variable associated with depression, followed by being single, divorced, widowed, or separated in adult participants or parents of participants age < 18 years (OR = 7.0, CI = 1.7-29.0. The most important variable associated with anxiety was being single or lacking a partner (OR = 10.8, CI = 2.5-47.5), followed by age 12-17 years old (OR = 6.7, CI = 1.6-26.9), or having worse health compared to 3-months ago (OR = 12.3, CI = 1.3-116.2). Mean covariates adjusted EQ visual analogue scale score was significantly lower among persons with depression (68.77 ± 3.15 vs. 77.58 ± 4.24, p = .03) than those without depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed concerning levels of depression and anxiety in this VWD sample. Lack of social support was determined an important factor associated with depression and anxiety in this sample. Mental health screening is critical in VWD clinical evaluation and care.
Haemophilia : the official journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Adult; Humans; Child; Adolescent; von Willebrand Diseases; von Willebrand Factor; Depression; Quality of Life; Anxiety; Anxiety Disorders
Von Willebrand disease; anxiety; depression
Roberts JC, Kulkarni R, Kouides PA, et al. Depression and anxiety in persons with Von Willebrand disease. Haemophilia. 2023;29(2):545-554. doi:10.1111/hae.14725