DOI: 10.7759/cureus.34960; PMCID: PMC10019002
Pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been associated with various complications including chronic respiratory disease and multisystem inflammatory syndrome. There are a few reported cases of complicated sinusitis following pediatric COVID-19 infection. We present a patient with recent COVID-19 who developed complicated sinusitis with intracranial extension and Lemierre syndrome. A 16-year-old female with a history of COVID-19 diagnosis 17 days prior presented with worsening head and neck symptoms. Physical examination demonstrated left proptosis, cranial nerve (CN) VI palsy, and limited neck range of motion. Imaging demonstrated bilateral sinus disease, a 3.3 × 2 × 3-centimeter sellar/clival abscess, bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis, and thrombosis of bilateral internal jugular veins. Urgent endoscopic sinus surgery was performed, and long-term intravenous antibiotics and anticoagulation were initiated with improvement in symptoms over three weeks. Providers caring for patients with COVID-19 should keep complicated sinusitis and Lemierre syndrome in their differential. Further study of COVID-19 pathophysiology in the sinonasal mucosa is needed.
complicated sinusitis; coronavirus disease; covid-19; lemierre's syn; paranasal sinusitis; sars-cov-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus -2)
Nallani R, Price ME, Narayanan SS, Tracy M, Arganbright J. Pediatric COVID-19 Involving Complicated Sinusitis With Intracranial Extension and Lemierre Syndrome: A Case Report. Cureus. 2023;15(2):e34960. Published 2023 Feb 14. doi:10.7759/cureus.34960