Conduction System Pacing Versus Conventional Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Congenital Heart Disease.
BACKGROUND: Dyssynchrony-associated left ventricular systolic dysfunction is a major contributor to heart failure in congenital heart disease (CHD). Although conventional cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has shown benefit, the comparative efficacy of cardiac conduction system pacing (CSP) is unknown.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was compare the clinical outcomes of CSP vs conventional CRT in CHD with biventricular, systemic left ventricular anatomy.
METHODS: Retrospective CSP data from 7 centers were compared with propensity score-matched conventional CRT control subjects. Outcomes were lead performance, change in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and QRS duration at 12 months.
RESULTS: A total of 65 CSP cases were identified (mean age 37 ± 21 years, 46% men). The most common CHDs were tetralogy of Fallot (n = 12 [19%]) and ventricular septal defect (n = 12 [19%]). CSP was achieved after a mean of 2.5 ± 1.6 attempts per procedure (38 patients with left bundle branch pacing, 17 with HBP, 10 with left ventricular septal myocardial). Left bundle branch area pacing [LBBAP] vs HBP was associated with a smaller increase in pacing threshold (Δ pacing threshold 0.2 V vs 0.8 V; P = 0.05) and similar sensing parameters at follow-up. For 25 CSP cases and control subjects with baseline left ventricular systolic dysfunction, improvement in LVEF was non-inferior (Δ LVEF 9.0% vs 6.0%; P = 0.30; 95% confidence limits: -2.9% to 10.0%) and narrowing of QRS duration was more pronounced for CSP (Δ QRS duration 35 ms vs 14 ms; P = 0.04). Complications were similar (3 [12%] CSP, 4 [16%] conventional CRT; P = 1.00).
CONCLUSIONS: CSP can be reliably achieved in biventricular, systemic left ventricular CHD patients with similar improvement in LVEF and greater QRS narrowing for CSP vs conventional CRT at 1 year. Among CSP patients, pacing electrical parameters were superior for LBBAP vs HBP.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol
Male; Humans; Adolescent; Young Adult; Adult; Middle Aged; Female; Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy; Bundle-Branch Block; Bundle of His; Stroke Volume; Retrospective Studies; Electrocardiography; Ventricular Function, Left; Treatment Outcome; Cardiac Conduction System Disease; Heart Defects, Congenital; Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
His bundle pacing; conduction system pacing; congenital heart disease; electromechanical dyssynchrony; left bundle branch area pacing
Moore JP, de Groot NMS, O'Connor M, et al. Conduction System Pacing Versus Conventional Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Congenital Heart Disease. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2023;9(3):385-393. doi:10.1016/j.jacep.2022.10.012