Novel blended SNRPE-related spliceosomopathy phenotype characterized by microcephaly and congenital atrichia.
Variants in genes encoding core components of the spliceosomes are associated with craniofacial syndromes, collectively called craniofacial spliceosomopathies. SNRPE encodes a core component of pre-mRNA processing U-rich small nuclear ribonuclear proteins (UsnRNPs). Heterozygous variants in SNRPE have been reported in six families with isolated hypotrichosis simplex in addition to one case of isolated non syndromic congenital microcephaly. Here, we report a patient with a novel blended phenotype of microcephaly and congenital atrichia with multiple congenital anomalies due to a de novo intronic SNRPE deletion, c.82-28_82-16del, which results in exon skipping. As discussed within, this phenotype, which we propose be named SNRPE-related syndromic microcephaly and hypotrichosis, overlaps other craniofacial splicesosomopathies.
American journal of medical genetics. Part A
Humans; Microcephaly; Phenotype; Alopecia; Hypotrichosis; Abnormalities, Multiple; snRNP Core Proteins
SNRPE; atrichia; microcephaly; multiple congenital anomalies; spliceosomes; spliceosomopathy
Amudhavalli SM, Paolillo V, Lawson C, et al. Novel blended SNRPE-related spliceosomopathy phenotype characterized by microcephaly and congenital atrichia. Am J Med Genet A. 2023;191(5):1425-1429. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.63149