Neurocomputational mechanisms of food and physical activity decision-making in male adolescents.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-32823-x; PMCID: PMC10105706
We examined the neurocomputational mechanisms in which male adolescents make food and physical activity decisions and how those processes are influenced by body weight and physical activity levels. After physical activity and dietary assessments, thirty-eight males ages 14-18 completed the behavioral rating and fMRI decision tasks for food and physical activity items. The food and physical activity self-control decisions were significantly correlated with each other. In both, taste- or enjoyment-oriented processes were negatively associated with successful self-control decisions, while health-oriented processes were positively associated. The correlation between taste/enjoyment and healthy attribute ratings predicted actual laboratory food intake and physical activities (2-week activity monitoring). fMRI data showed the decision values of both food and activity are encoded in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, suggesting both decisions share common reward value-related circuits at the time of choice. Compared to the group with overweight/obese, the group with normal weight showed stronger brain activations in the cognitive control, multisensory integration, and motor control regions during physical activity decisions. For both food and physical activity, self-controlled decisions utilize similar computational and neurobiological mechanisms, which may provide insights into how to promote healthy food and physical activity decisions.
Male; Humans; Adolescent; Food; Obesity; Overweight; Brain; Prefrontal Cortex; Exercise; Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Food; Obesity; Overweight; Brain; Prefrontal Cortex; Exercise; Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Lim SL, Bruce AS, Shook RP. Neurocomputational mechanisms of food and physical activity decision-making in male adolescents. Sci Rep. 2023;13(1):6145. Published 2023 Apr 15. doi:10.1038/s41598-023-32823-x
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Publisher's link: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-023-32823-x