Impact of an antibiotic stewardship program on antibiotic choice, dosing, and duration in pediatric urgent cares.
BACKGROUND: Many antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) focus on decreasing unnecessary antibiotics. We describe the impact of an outpatient ASP on choice, dose, and duration of antibiotics when used for common infections in pediatric urgent care (PUC) centers.
METHODS: We reviewed encounters at 4 PUC centers within our organization for patients 6 months to 18 years old with acute otitis media, group A streptococcal pharyngitis, community-acquired pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and skin and soft tissue infections who received systemic antibiotics. We determined appropriate antibiotic choice, dose, and duration for each diagnosis. Pearson's χ² test compared appropriate prescribing before ASP implementation (July 2017-July 2018) and postimplementation (August 2018-December 2020). Control charts trended improvement over time.
RESULTS: Our study included 35,917 encounters. The percentage of prescriptions with the recommend agent at the appropriate dose and duration increased from a mean of 32.7% to 52.4%. The center lines for appropriate agent, dose, and duration all underwent upward shifts. The most substantial changes were seen in antibiotic duration (63.2%-80.5%), and appropriate dose (64.6%-77%).
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of an outpatient ASP improved prescribing patterns for choosing the appropriate agent, duration, and dose for many common infections in our PUCs.
American journal of infection control
Humans; Child; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Antimicrobial Stewardship; Practice Patterns, Physicians'; Ambulatory Care; Pharyngitis; Inappropriate Prescribing
Antibiotic stewardship; Outpatient; Pediatric
Nedved A, Lee BR, Hamner M, Wirtz A, Burns A, El Feghaly RE. Impact of an antibiotic stewardship program on antibiotic choice, dosing, and duration in pediatric urgent cares. Am J Infect Control. 2023;51(5):520-526. doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2022.07.027