Impact of Weight on Ventricular Assist Device Outcomes in Dilated Cardiomyopathy Patients in Pediatric Centers: An ACTION Registry Study.
Ventricular assist device (VAD) options vary for children in different weight groups. This study evaluates contemporary device usage and outcomes for children based on weight. Data from the Advanced Cardiac Therapies Improving Outcomes Network (ACTION) registry were examined for patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in 4 weight cohorts: <8 >kg, 8-20 kg, 21-40 kg, and >40 kg, for devices implanted 3/2013-10/2020. Adverse event rates and ultimate outcome (deceased, alive on device, transplanted, or ventricular recovery) were analyzed. 222 DCM patients were identified with 24% in cohort 1, 23% in cohort 2, 15% in cohort 3, and 38% in cohort 4. Of 272 total implants, paracorporeal pulsatile devices were most common (95%) in cohorts 1 and 2 and intracorporeal continuous devices (81%) in cohorts 3 and 4. Stroke was noted in 17%, 12%, 6%, and 4% of cohorts, respectively (Cohort 1 vs. 4 and 2 vs. 4 - p = 0.01; other comparisons - not significant). Incidences of major bleeding, device malfunction, and infection was not different. All cohorts had >90% positive outcomes. Stroke incidence was higher in smaller cohorts, but other outcomes were similar. Positive outcomes were attained in over 90% across all weight groups, demonstrating excellent outcomes using current VADs in this DCM population.
ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)
Child; Humans; Heart Failure; Heart-Assist Devices; Cardiomyopathy, Dilated; Treatment Outcome; Registries; Retrospective Studies
Heart Failure; Heart-Assist Devices; Dilated Cardiomyopathy; Treatment Outcome; Registries; Retrospective Studies
Kwiatkowski DM, Shezad M, Barnes AP, et al. Impact of Weight on Ventricular Assist Device Outcomes in Dilated Cardiomyopathy Patients in Pediatric Centers: An ACTION Registry Study. ASAIO J. 2023;69(5):496-503. doi:10.1097/MAT.0000000000001861