PMCID: PMC5384616 DOI: 10.1080/23262133.2016.1261653
During development of the nervous system, radial glial cells perform self-renewing asymmetric divisions and give rise to intermediate progenitor cells (IPC) and neurons. The neuronally committed IPC subsequently undergo multiple rounds of transient amplification and migrate outwards to form cortical layers as they continue to differentiate into mature neurons. Maturing neurons extend protrusions on their cell surface to form neurites, a process called neuritogenesis. Neurite formation results in the establishment of dendrites and axons for synapse formation, which is essential for sensory and motor functions and even higher-level functioning including memory formation and cognitive function, as well as shaping of behavior and emotion. Morphological adaptation during various stages of neural development requires active participation of actin cytoskeleton remodeling. In this review, we aim to discuss current understanding of the Arp2/3 complex branching nucleator in various neural cell types during development and maturation.
Arp2/3; actin cytoskeleton; neuritogenesis; neurogenesis; neuronal migration; radial glia
Chou, F., Wang, P. The Arp2/3 complex is essential at multiple stages of neural development. Neurogenesis (Austin) 3, 1261653-1261653 (2016).