DOI: 10.3390/cancers15082230; PMCID: PMC10136508
The perinucleolar compartment (PNC) is a small nuclear body that plays important role in tumorigenesis. PNC prevalence correlates with poor prognosis and cancer metastasis. Its expression in pediatric Ewing sarcoma (EWS) has not previously been documented. In this study, we analyzed 40 EWS tumor cases from Caucasian and Hispanic patients for PNC prevalence by immunohistochemical detection of polypyrimidine tract binding protein and correlated the prevalence with dysregulated microRNA profiles. EWS cases showed staining ranging from 0 to 100%, which were categorized as diffuse (≥77%, n = 9, high PNC) or not diffuse (p= 0.017) and in patients who relapsed with metastatic disease (n = 4; p = 0.011). High PNC was associated with significantly shorter disease-free survival and early recurrence compared to those with low PNC. Using NanoString digital profiling, high PNC tumors revealed upregulation of eight and downregulation of 18 microRNAs. Of these, miR-320d and miR-29c-3p had the most significant differential expression in tumors with high PNC. In conclusion, this is the first study that demonstrates the presence of PNC in EWS, reflecting its utility as a predictive biomarker associated with tumor metastasis, specific microRNA profile, Hispanic ethnic origin, and poor prognosis.
Ewing sarcoma; biomarker; metastasis; microRNA; perinucleolar compartment
Gonzalez E, Ahmed AA, McCarthy L, et al. Perinucleolar Compartment (PNC) Prevalence as an Independent Prognostic Factor in Pediatric Ewing Sarcoma: A Multi-Institutional Study. Cancers (Basel). 2023;15(8):2230. Published 2023 Apr 10. doi:10.3390/cancers15082230