DOI: 10.2147/JBM.S405624; PMCID: PMC10257928
INTRODUCTION: Previous clinical trials established the efficacy and safety of sucrose-formulated recombinant factor (F) VIII (rFVIII-FS/Kogenate FS®/Helixate FS®) and octocog alfa (BAY 81-8973/Kovaltry®; LEOPOLD trials).
AIM: To report the results of a post hoc subgroup analysis assessing efficacy and safety outcomes in patients with hemophilia A who were receiving rFVIII-FS prior to enrolling into the LEOPOLD I Part B and LEOPOLD Kids Part A clinical trials and switching to octocog alfa.
METHODS: LEOPOLD I Part B (NCT01029340) and LEOPOLD Kids Part A (NCT01311648) were octocog alfa Phase 3, multinational, open-label studies in patients with severe hemophilia A aged 12-65 years and ≤12 years, respectively. Annualized bleeding rate (ABR) was the efficacy endpoint for both studies. Safety endpoints included adverse events (AEs) and development of FVIII inhibitors.
RESULTS: Of the 113 patients in both LEOPOLD trials, 40 (35.4%) patients received rFVIII-FS prophylaxis pre-study and had data available for pre-study total ABR. In LEOPOLD I Part B (n = 22, 35.5%), median (Q1; Q3) total ABR decreased from 2.5 (0.0; 9.0) pre-study to 1.0 (0.0; 6.8), and from 1.0 (0.0; 6.0) pre-study to 0.0 (0.0; 6.02) in LEOPOLD Kids Part A (n = 18, 35.3%). Octocog alfa was well tolerated, and no patients had drug-related serious AEs or inhibitors.
CONCLUSION: Treatment with octocog alfa prophylaxis appeared to have a favorable risk-benefit profile compared with rFVIII-FS and thus could be an effective and improved alternative strategy for individualized treatment for children, adolescent and adult patients with severe hemophilia A currently on rFVIII-FS treatment.
J Blood Med
FVIII; hemophilia A; octocog alfa; prophylaxis; recombinant proteins
Kenet G, Moulton T, Wicklund BM, Ahuja SP, Escobar M, Mahlangu J. Switching from Sucrose-Formulated rFVIII to Octocog Alfa (BAY 81-8973) Prophylaxis Improves Bleed Outcomes in the LEOPOLD Clinical Trials. J Blood Med. 2023;14:379-388. Published 2023 Jun 7. doi:10.2147/JBM.S405624