Hirschsprung-Associated Enterocolitis at a Referral Institution: A Retrospective Review.
BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality amongst patients with Hirschsprung disease (HD); rectal Botulinum toxin (Botox) has been reported a possible prevention strategy. We aimed to evaluate our institution's historic cohort of HD patients, first to determine our incidence of HAEC and second to begin assessing the effect of Botox on HAEC incidence.
METHODS: Patients with HD seen at our institution between 2005 and 2019 were reviewed. Incidence of HD and frequencies of HAEC and Botox injections were tallied. Associations between initial Botox treatment or transition zone and HAEC incidence were evaluated.
RESULTS: We reviewed 221 patients; 200 were included for analysis. One hundred thirteen (56.5%) patients underwent primary pull-through at a median age of 24 days (IQR 91). Eighty-seven (43.5%) patients with initial ostomy had their intestinal continuity reestablished at a median of 318 days (IQR 595). Ninety-four (49.5%) experienced at least one episode of HAEC and 62 (66%) experienced multiple episodes of HAEC. Nineteen (9.6%) patients had total colonic HD and had an increased total incidence of HAEC compared to patients without total colonic HD (89% vs 44%, p < 0.001). Six (2.9%) patients received Botox injections at the time of pull-through or ostomy takedown; one experienced an episode of HAEC (versus 50.7% of the patients who were confirmed to have not received Botox injections at their surgery, p = 0.102).
CONCLUSION: Further prospective study on Botox's effect on Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis is required and is the next step in our investigation.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.
Journal of pediatric surgery
Humans; Infant; Retrospective Studies; Prospective Studies; Botulinum Toxins, Type A; Hirschsprung Disease; Enterocolitis; Rectum; Postoperative Complications
Botulinum toxin; Hirschsprung disease; Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis
Encisco EM, Lim IIP, Velazco CS, et al. Hirschsprung-Associated Enterocolitis at a Referral Institution: A Retrospective Review. J Pediatr Surg. 2023;58(8):1578-1581. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2023.04.008