DOI: 10.1038/s41467-023-40424-5; PMCID: PMC10415281
The extravillous trophoblast cell lineage is a key feature of placentation and successful pregnancy. Knowledge of transcriptional regulation driving extravillous trophoblast cell development is limited. Here, we map the transcriptome and epigenome landscape as well as chromatin interactions of human trophoblast stem cells and their transition into extravillous trophoblast cells. We show that integrating chromatin accessibility, long-range chromatin interactions, transcriptomic, and transcription factor binding motif enrichment enables identification of transcription factors and regulatory mechanisms critical for extravillous trophoblast cell development. We elucidate functional roles for TFAP2C, SNAI1, and EPAS1 in the regulation of extravillous trophoblast cell development. EPAS1 is identified as an upstream regulator of key extravillous trophoblast cell transcription factors, including ASCL2 and SNAI1 and together with its target genes, is linked to pregnancy loss and birth weight. Collectively, we reveal activation of a dynamic regulatory network and provide a framework for understanding extravillous trophoblast cell specification in trophoblast cell lineage development and human placentation.
Pregnancy; Female; Humans; Trophoblasts; Chromatin; Placentation; Cell Differentiation; Transcription Factors; Cell Lineage; Placenta; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
Pregnancy; Trophoblasts; Chromatin; Placentation; Cell Differentiation; Transcription Factors; Cell Lineage; Placenta; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
Varberg KM, Dominguez EM, Koseva B, et al. Extravillous trophoblast cell lineage development is associated with active remodeling of the chromatin landscape. Nat Commun. 2023;14(1):4826. Published 2023 Aug 10. doi:10.1038/s41467-023-40424-5