Evaluation of venous thromboembolism risk factors reveals subtype heterogenicity in children with central venous catheters: a multicenter study from the Children's Hospital Acquired Thrombosis consortium.
BACKGROUND: Acutely ill and medically complex children frequently rely on central venous catheters (CVCs) to provide life-sustaining treatment. Unfortunately, catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) is a serious and common complication. Little is known why some with a CVC develop CRT and others develop venous thromboembolism unrelated to the CVC (non-CRT).
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with CRT in children with hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE).
METHODS: This case-case study included participants in the Children's Hospital Acquired Thrombosis Registry with HA-VTE and CVC aged 0 to 21 years from 8 US children's hospitals. Participants were excluded if they developed HA-VTE prior to CVC insertion or if the CVC insertion date was unknown. Logistic regression models were used to assess associations between clinical factors and CRT status.
RESULTS: There were 1144 participants with HA-VTE who had a CVC. CRT developed in 833 participants, and 311 developed non-CRT. Multivariable analysis showed increased odds of CRT (compared with non-CRT) in participants with peripherally inserted central catheters (odds ratio [OR], 3.80; 95% CI, 2.04-7.10; p < .001), CVCs inserted in the femoral vein (OR, 4.45; 95% CI, 1.70-11.65; p = .002), multiple CVCs (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.18-1.71; p < .001), and CVC malfunction (OR, 3.30; 95% CI, 1.80-6.03; p < .001).
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study provide new insights on risk factor differences between CRT and non-CRT. Prevention efforts should be directed at modifying the type of CVC, insertion location, and/or number of CVCs placed, if possible, to decrease the incidence of CRT.
Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH
Humans; Child; Central Venous Catheters; Venous Thromboembolism; Risk Factors; Thrombosis; Hospitals; Catheterization, Central Venous
central venous catheter; child; risk factor; thrombosis; venous thromboembolism
Jaffray J, Mosha M, Branchford B, et al. Evaluation of venous thromboembolism risk factors reveals subtype heterogenicity in children with central venous catheters: a multicenter study from the Children's Hospital Acquired Thrombosis consortium. J Thromb Haemost. 2023;21(9):2441-2450. doi:10.1016/j.jtha.2023.03.045