Retrospective cohort comparison between fluoroscopic and radiograph-only exams for evaluation of gastrostomy and gastrojejunostomy tubes.

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DOI: 10.1007/s00247-023-05708-4


BACKGROUND: Gastrostomy (G) tube or gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube checks are radiographic procedures that are frequently ordered to confirm tube positioning.

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the sensitivity and specificity of radiograph-only examinations and traditional radiologist-performed fluoroscopy exams for G-tube or GJ-tube malposition and other adverse events detectable by imaging.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study at a single tertiary pediatric center that included all subjects who underwent G-tube or GJ-tube checks using fluoroscopy or radiograph-only exams between January 1, 2008, and January 1, 2019. Radiograph-only examinations were defined as checks that consist of frontal and lateral abdominal radiographs after injection of contrast through the G-tube or GJ-tube. Fluoroscopy exams were defined as exams performed by a radiologist in the fluoroscopy suite. Radiology reports were evaluated for reported tube malposition and for other adverse events that are detectable by imaging. Clinical notes from the day of the procedure and longer-term clinical follow-up notes were used as a reference standard for adverse events. The sensitivity and specificity of the two procedures were calculated.

RESULTS: A total of 212 exams, including 86 (41%) fluoroscopy exams and 126 (59%) radiograph-only exams, were evaluated. The most common correctly identified adverse event was tube malposition (9 true positives). The most commonly missed adverse event was leakage around the tube (8 false negatives). Fluoroscopy exams had a sensitivity of 100% (6/6; 95% CI: 100%, 100%) and a specificity of 100% (80/80; 95% CI: 100%, 100%) for tube malposition, while radiograph-only exams had 75% sensitivity (3/4; 95% CI: 33%,100%) and 100% specificity (112/112; 95% CI: 100%, 100%).

CONCLUSIONS: Fluoroscopy and radiograph-only exams have similar sensitivity and specificity for detecting G-tube or GJ-tube malposition.

Journal Title

Pediatric radiology





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MeSH Keywords

Humans; Child; Gastrostomy; Retrospective Studies; Gastric Bypass; Fluoroscopy; Radiography


Child; Fluoroscopy; GJ-tube; Gastrostomy; Radiography

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