The Evolution of Longitudinal Strain Across Various Univentricular Morphologies Prior to Superior Cavopulmonary Anastomosis.
BACKGROUND: Infants with single-ventricle physiology have increased morbidity, mortality, and ventricular dysfunction in the pre-superior cavopulmonary anastomosis (pre-SCPA) period. Echocardiography-derived longitudinal strain (LS) is emerging as a reliable marker of single-ventricle performance. We aim to assess evolution of LS during the pre-SCPA period across univentricular morphologies and explore associations of LS with modifiable and nonmodifiable factors.
METHODS: Ninety-four term infants (36 females) with univentricular physiology who were discharged home prior to stage 2 palliation were serially analyzed for LS (single apical view) and other echo measures at initial hospital discharge and the last pre-SCPA encounter. Ventricular myocardium was tracked for strain along the septum and respective lateral wall for single right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) groups, and along both right and left lateral walls in functionally univentricular hearts with biventricular (BiV) morphology. Clinical data were obtained from the medical record.
RESULTS: Longitudinal strain improved in the total cohort during the pre-SCPA period (16.48% ± 3.31% to 17.57% ± 3.81%, P = .003). Longitudinal strain improved between encounters in the single LV (P = .04) and BiV groups (P = .02). However, LS failed to improve in the RV group (P = .7) with lower LS at both visits compared with the other groups. The RV group, mostly composed of hypoplastic left heart syndrome patients-87% of cases-had a higher incidence of arrhythmias (57%) and unplanned reinterventions (60%), most of which were arch reinterventions. A subanalysis based on arch reintervention showed that LS improves between encounters in the single LV group needing arch reintervention (P = .05) compared with the single RV group needing arch reintervention (P = .89). Lower LS was independently associated with unplanned reinterventions at both encounters (P = .008 and .02).
CONCLUSIONS: Single-ventricle LS evolves differently across ventricular morphologies during the pre-SCPA period and is related to the need for unplanned cardiac reinterventions. Lower LS is noted in the single RV group, who mostly have hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography
Infant; Female; Humans; Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome; Echocardiography; Heart Bypass, Right; Heart Defects, Congenital; Myocardium; Heart Ventricles; Ventricular Function, Right
Global longitudinal strain; Infant; Interstage; Single ventricle; Ventricular function
Buddhavarapu A, Chauhan D, Erickson LA, Elliott MD, Warren M, Forsha DE. The Evolution of Longitudinal Strain Across Various Univentricular Morphologies Prior to Superior Cavopulmonary Anastomosis. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2023;36(10):1100-1109. doi:10.1016/j.echo.2023.04.018