Trajectories of eGFR after kidney transplantation according to trajectories of eGFR prior to kidney replacement therapies in children with chronic kidney disease.
BACKGROUND: In children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), certain risk factors are associated with faster eGFR decline and earlier kidney failure. Whether these factors have lingering effects on post-transplant eGFR trajectory remains unclear. We characterized pre- and post-transplant eGFR trajectories in pediatric kidney transplant recipients by their pre-kidney replacement therapy (KRT) risk factors.
METHODS: We studied eGFR trajectories before KRT initiation and after transplantation among Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) Study participants. We used mixed-effects models to compare pre-KRT versus post-transplant eGFR trajectories within individual participants by 7 pre-KRT risk factors: glomerular/non-glomerular etiology, race, preemptive transplant, proteinuria, albuminuria, and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP).
RESULTS: We analyzed 1602 pre-KRT and 592 post-transplant eGFR measurements from 246 transplant recipients. Mean annual eGFR decline was decreased from 18.0% pre-KRT (95%CI, 16.1-19.8) to 5.0% post-transplant (95%CI, 3.3-6.7). All 7 pre-KRT risk factors showed strong associations with faster pre-KRT eGFR decline, but not with post-transplant eGFR decline; only albuminuria, high SBP, and high DBP reached statistical significance with notably attenuated associations. In our multivariable model of the pre-KRT risk factors, post-transplant eGFR decline was more rapid only when albuminuria and high SBP were both present.
CONCLUSIONS: eGFR decline substantially slows down after transplant even among children with rapidly progressing forms of CKD. Nonetheless, those who had albuminuria and high SBP before KRT might continue to show faster eGFR decline after transplant, specifically when both risk factors were present. This subgroup might benefit from intensive pre-transplant management for at least one of the two risk factors. A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.
Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)
Children; Estimated glomerular filtration rate; Risk factors; Transplantation
Bae S, Schwartz GJ, Mendley SR, et al. Trajectories of eGFR after kidney transplantation according to trajectories of eGFR prior to kidney replacement therapies in children with chronic kidney disease. Pediatr Nephrol. 2023;38(12):4157-4164. doi:10.1007/s00467-023-06056-z