Valosin-containing protein (VCP/p97) is prognostically unfavorable in pediatric AML, and negatively correlates with unfolded protein response proteins IRE1 and GRP78: A report from the Children's Oncology Group.

Document Type


Publication Date



DOI: 10.1002/prca.202200109


PURPOSE: The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the major site of protein synthesis and folding in the cell. ER-associated degradation (ERAD) and unfolded protein response (UPR) are the main mechanisms of ER-mediated cell stress adaptation. Targeting the cell stress response is a promising therapeutic approach in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Protein expression levels of valosin-containing protein (VCP), a chief element of ERAD, were measured in peripheral blood samples from in 483 pediatric AML patients using reverse phase protein array methodology. Patients participated in the Children's Oncology Group AAML1031 phase 3 clinical trial that randomized patients to standard chemotherapy (cytarabine (Ara-C), daunorubicin, and etoposide [ADE]) versus ADE plus bortezomib (ADE+BTZ).

RESULTS: Low-VCP expression was significantly associated with favorable 5-year overall survival (OS) rate compared to middle-high-VCP expression (81% versus 63%, p < 0.001), independent of additional bortezomib treatment. Multivariable Cox regression analysis identified VCP as independent predictor of clinical outcome. UPR proteins IRE1 and GRP78 had significant negative correlation with VCP. Five-year OS in patients characterized by low-VCP, moderately high-IRE1 and high-GRP78 improved after treatment with ADE+BTZ versus ADE (66% versus 88%, p = 0.026).

CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Our findings suggest the potential of the protein VCP as biomarker in prognostication prediction in pediatric AML.

Journal Title

Proteomics Clin Appl





First Page


Last Page


MeSH Keywords

Child; Humans; Bortezomib; Cell Cycle Proteins; Endoplasmic Reticulum Chaperone BiP; Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases; Unfolded Protein Response; Valosin Containing Protein


AML; ERAD; GRP78; IRE1; RPPA; UPR; VCP; leukemia; pediatric

Library Record