The Relationship Between Parent Fear of Hypoglycemia and Youth Glycemic Control Across the Recent-Onset Period in Families of Youth with Type 1 Diabetes.

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DOI: 10.1007/s12529-023-10159-0


BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the relationship between parents' fear of hypoglycemia (FH) over a 1-year period and child glucose metrics in 126 families of youth recently diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

METHODS: Parents completed the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey for Parents (HFS-P) and uploaded 14 days of glucose data at a baseline, 6-month, and 12-month assessment.

RESULTS: Parents' HFS-P total and worry scores increased to a clinically meaningful degree from baseline to 6-month assessment, while multilevel models revealed within- and between-person variability in parents' HFS-P worry and behavior scores over time associated with child glycemia. Specifically, a significant negative relationship for within-person worry scores suggested that when parents reported higher than their average worry scores, their children recorded fewer glucose values in the target range, while within-person behavior scores suggested that when parents reported lower than their average behavior scores, their children recorded more values above the target range. There was also a negative relationship for between-person behavior scores with child glycated hemoglobin and a positive relationship for between-person behavior scores with child glucose values in the target range.

CONCLUSIONS: In the recent-onset period of T1D, parental FH worry and behavior associated with child glycemia possibly due to changes in parents' perceptions of their child's hypoglycemia risk. The clinically meaningful increases in parent FH in the recent-onset period and the negative association for between-person behavior scores with child glycated hemoglobin suggest that clinics should consider screening parents for FH, especially among parents of children with lower glycemic levels.

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International journal of behavioral medicine





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MeSH Keywords

Child; Humans; Adolescent; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1; Glycated Hemoglobin; Glycemic Control; Hypoglycemia; Fear; Glucose; Parents


Blood glucose; Children; Fear of hypoglycemia; Parents; Recent-onset; Type 1 diabetes

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