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DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.122.028616


BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with diminished myocardial function as measured by strain echocardiography in children and young adults with normal cardiac anatomy. Data are lacking about the effect of obesity on myocardial strain in patients with a single ventricle. In this study, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and single ventricle myocardial strain in the Fontan population was assessed.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight abnormal BMI Fontan cases (21 overweight and 17 obese) and 30 normal BMI Fontan controls matched based on single ventricular morphology, age, and sex were included in the study. Ventricular morphology was categorized as single right ventricle, single left ventricle, or biventricular. Single ventricle global longitudinal peak systolic strain (GLS) and other echocardiographic measurements were performed and compared between groups, with a P≤0.05 defined as significant. The abnormal BMI group demonstrated diminished GLS (-15.7±3.6% versus -17.2±3.2%, [P=0.03]) and elevated systolic blood pressure (P=0.04) compared with the normal BMI group. On subgroup analysis of those with single right ventricle morphology, the abnormal BMI group demonstrated diminished GLS compared with controls. There was no significant difference in GLS between the abnormal BMI and control groups in the single left ventricle and biventricular subgroups. Analyzed by ventricular morphology, no other variables were statistically different in the abnormal BMI group including systolic blood pressure. Inter-reader reproducibility for GLS and strain rate were excellent for both measures.

CONCLUSIONS: Obesity has an adverse relationship with myocardial strain in the young Fontan population, with the most maladaptive response seen in the single right ventricle.

Journal Title

J Am Heart Assoc





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MeSH Keywords

Child; Young Adult; Humans; Global Longitudinal Strain; Reproducibility of Results; Myocardial Contraction; Heart; Obesity; Univentricular Heart; Heart Ventricles; Ventricular Function, Left


Fontan; global longitudinal strain; obesity; single ventricle


This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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