Assessing Barriers to Utilization of Premedication for Neonatal Intubation Based on the Theoretical Domains Framework.

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Publication Date



DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1760449


OBJECTIVE:  This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators of premedication utilization for nonemergent neonatal intubations (NIs) in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

STUDY DESIGN:  Between November 2018 and January 2019, multidisciplinary providers at a level IV NICU were invited to participate in an anonymous, electronic survey based on Theoretical Domains Framework to identify influences on utilization of evidence-based recommendations for NI premedication.

RESULTS:  Of 186 surveys distributed, 84 (45%) providers responded. Most agreed with premedication use in the following domains: professional role/identity (86%), emotions (79%), skills (72%), optimism (71%), and memory, attention, and decision process (71%). Domains with less agreement include social influences (42%), knowledge (57%), intention (60%), belief about capabilities (63%), and behavior regulation (64%). Additional barriers include environmental context and resources, and beliefs about consequences.

CONCLUSION:  Several factors influence premedication use for nonemergent NI and may serve as facilitators and/or barriers. Efforts to address barriers should incorporate a multidisciplinary approach to improve patient outcomes and decrease procedure-related pain.

KEY POINTS: · Premedication for NIs can optimize conditions and decrease rates of tracheal intubation adverse events but there is significant international and institutional variation for premedication use for NI.. · Guided by implementation science methods, the Theoretical Domains Framework was utilized to construct a novel assessment tool to determine potential barriers to and facilitators of the use of premedication for NI.. · Several factors influence premedication for nonemergent NI..

Journal Title

American journal of perinatology




S 01

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MeSH Keywords

Humans; Intubation, Intratracheal; Infant, Newborn; Intensive Care Units, Neonatal; Premedication; Surveys and Questionnaires; Female; Male; Attitude of Health Personnel


Intratracheal Intubation; Neonatal Intensive Care Units; Premedication; Surveys and Questionnaires; Attitude of Health Personnel

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