Modelling and assessment of glucose-lactate kinetics in youth with overweight, obesity and metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease: A pilot study.

Document Type


Publication Date



DOI: 10.1111/dom.15648


AIM: In this study, we investigated glucose and lactate kinetics during a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in 23 overweight and obese adolescents and assessed putative differences among participants with and without metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD).

METHODS: We enrolled 23 young people (six girls) with obesity [body mass index 33 (29-37)]. Glucose-lactate kinetics parameters (disposal glucose insulin sensitivity, SID; fraction of glucose converted into lactate, fr; fractional lactate clearance rate, kL) and lactate production rate (LPR) were estimated using the oral glucose-lactate minimal model. MASLD presence was assessed using the proton density fat fraction. We analysed glucose, lactate and LPR time to peak, peak values and area under the curve and evaluated differences using the Wilcoxon test. MASLD and no-MASLD participants were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. Correlations between parameters were assessed using the Spearman correlation coefficient (ρ). We also tested the performance of two (4 or 3 h OGTT) protocols in estimating oral glucose-lactate minimal model and LPR parameters.

RESULTS: Glucose peaks 30 min earlier than lactate (p = .0019). This pattern was present in the no-MASLD group (p < .001). LPR peaks 30 min later in the MASLD group (p = .02). LPR and kL were higher in MASLD, suggesting higher glycolysis and lactate utilization. SID and fr correlate significantly (ρ = -0.55, p = .008). SID and fr were also correlated with the body mass index, (ρ = -0.45, p = .04; and ρ = 0.45; p = .03). The protocol duration did not influence the estimates of the parameters.

DISCUSSION: Youth with MASLD showed a delayed glucose metabolism, possibly because of greater utilization of the underlying substrates. A 3-h OGTT may be used to assess lactate metabolism effectively.

Journal Title

Diabetes, obesity & metabolism





First Page


Last Page


MeSH Keywords

Humans; Female; Pilot Projects; Male; Adolescent; Lactic Acid; Glucose Tolerance Test; Pediatric Obesity; Blood Glucose; Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Insulin Resistance; Overweight; Child; Kinetics; Body Mass Index; Models, Biological


fatty liver disease; insulin resistance; liver; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics

Library Record