Treatment outcomes of injured children at adult level 1 trauma centers: are there benefits from added specialized care?
Background: Accidental traumatic injury is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The authors hypothesized that no mortality difference should exist between children seen at ATC (adult trauma centers) versus ATC with added qualifications in pediatrics (ATC-AQ).
Methods: The National Trauma Data Bank, version 7.1, was analyzed for patients aged <18 years seen at level 1 trauma centers. Bivariate analysis compared patients by ATC versus ATC-AQ using demographic and injury characteristics. Multivariate analysis adjusting for injury and demographic factors was then performed.
Results: A total sample of 53,702 children was analyzed, with an overall mortality of 3.9%. The adjusted odds of mortality was 20% lower for children seen at ATC-AQ (odds ratio, .80; 95% confidence interval, .68-.94). Children aged 3 to 12 years, those with injury severity scores > 25, and those with Glasgow Coma Scale scores < 8 all had significant reductions in the odds of death at ATC-AQ.
Conclusions: Improved overall survival is associated with pediatric trauma patients treated at ATC-AQ.
American journal of surgery
Adolescent; Child; Child Health Services; Child; Preschool; Databases; Factual; Female; Glasgow Coma Scale; Humans; Injury Severity Score; Male; Pediatrics; Survival Analysis; Trauma Centers; Treatment Outcome; United States; Wounds and Injuries
Injury; Child; Teen; Level 1 Trauma Center; National Trauma Data Bank; NTDB
Oyetunji, T. A., Haider, A. H., Downing, S. R., Bolorunduro, O. B., Efron, D. T., Haut, E. R., Chang, D. C., Cornwell, E. E., Abdullah, F., Siram, S. M. Treatment outcomes of injured children at adult level 1 trauma centers: are there benefits from added specialized care? American journal of surgery 201, 445-449 (2011).