Laparoscopic ileocecectomy in pediatric patients with Crohn's disease.
INTRODUCTION: Definitive management for medically refractory ileocecal Crohn's disease is resection with primary anastomosis. Laparoscopic resection has been demonstrated to be effective in adults. There is a relative paucity of data in the pediatric population. We therefore audited our experience with laparoscopic ileocecectomy in patients with medically refractory ileocecal Crohn's disease to determine its efficacy.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all pediatric patients who underwent laparoscopic ileocecal resection for medically refractory Crohn's disease at a single institution from 2000 to 2009.
RESULTS: Thirty patients aged 10-18 years (mean: 15.3 years) with a mean weight of 50 kg (standard deviation: ± 15.5 kg) underwent laparoscopic ileocecectomy for Crohn's disease. Five of these were performed using a single-incision laparoscopic approach. The indications for surgery were obstruction/stricture (21), pain (10), abscess (3), fistula (3), perforation (2), and bleeding (1). Some patient's had multiple indications. There were a total of five abscesses encountered at operation. Eight patients were on total parenteral nutrition at the time of resection. Twenty-five patients (83.3%) were being treated with steroids at operation. The anastomosis was stapled in 26 patients and hand-sewn in 4. Two patients developed a postoperative abscess, and both of them were taking 20 mg of prednisone daily. One patient developed a small bowel obstruction due to a second Crohn's stricture that manifested itself after the more severe downstream obstruction was relieved with ileocecectomy. Of the 5 patients who underwent a single-incision laparoscopic operation, 3 underwent for obstruction/stricture and 2 for perforation. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. The patients were followed up for a maximum of 80.7 months (average: 14.7 months; median: 9.7 months). There were no anastomotic leaks or wound infections.
DISCUSSION: This series demonstrates that laparoscopic ileocecectomy, both single-incision laparoscopic approach and standard laparoscopy, is safe and effective in the setting of medically refractory Crohn's disease in pediatric patients.
Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
Adolescent; Age Factors; Cecum; Child; Crohn Disease; Female; Humans; Ileum; Laparoscopy; Male; Patient Selection; Retrospective Studies; Treatment Outcome
Laituri, Carrie A.; Fraser, Jason D.; Garey, Carissa L.; Aguayo, Pablo; Sharp, Susan W.; Ostlie, Daniel J.; Holcomb, G W. III; and St Peter, Shawn D., "Laparoscopic ileocecectomy in pediatric patients with Crohn's disease." (2011). Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers. 711.