Initial experience with same day discharge after laparoscopic appendectomy for nonperforated appendicitis.
Background: Although many laparoscopic procedures are performed on an outpatient basis, patients who have undergone a laparoscopic appendectomy have typically stayed at least overnight. Recently, data in both the pediatric and adult literature suggest that same day discharge (SDD) for acute nonperforated appendicitis is safe and associated with high patient and parent satisfaction. We have recently begun attempting SDD for nonperforated appendicitis, and this study is an analysis of our initial experience.
Methods: A retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy for nonperforated appendicitis at our institution from January 2012 to July 2013 was performed. Demographics, length of stay, hospital course, and outcomes were measured. Data are expressed as mean±standard deviation. Comparative analysis was performed using a t-test.
Results: A total of 588 laparoscopic appendectomies for nonperforated appendicitis were performed over an 18-mo period. Approximately 28% (n=128) were discharged on the day of surgery. Of the remaining patients, 12.9% (n=59) stayed overnight for medical reasons, 0.4% (n=2) stayed for social reasons, 3.9% (n=18) stayed because the operation ended late in the evening, and 82.8% (n=381) stayed because of clinical care habits. Compared with patients who stayed overnight, there was no statistically significant difference in readmission rates (0.7% versus 1.9%, P=0.6%), follow-up before scheduled appointment (5.4% versus 5.4%, P=1.0), and complication rate (0.7% versus 2.6%, P=0.3). Patients whose operation ended later in the day had a longer hospital stay. We observed a trend toward more SDDs, the further we got from the initiation of our protocol.
Conclusions: SDD is safe for children undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy for nonperforated appendicitis. The two main barriers to SDD were time of day for the operation and provider habit, both of which improved as more practitioners felt comfortable with the concept. SDD requires extensive education within the hospital system, and we have initiated an aggressive prospective protocol to improve the results.
The Journal of surgical research
Adolescent; Ambulatory Surgical Procedures; Appendectomy; Appendicitis; Child; Female; Humans; Laparoscopy; Male; Postoperative Care; Retrospective Studies
Children; Nonperforated appendicitis; Same day discharge
Aguayo, P., Alemayehu, H., Desai, A. A., Fraser, J. D., St Peter, S. D. Initial experience with same day discharge after laparoscopic appendectomy for nonperforated appendicitis. The Journal of surgical research 190, 93-97 (2014).