Ceftriaxone-induced pseudolithiasis in children treated for perforated appendicitis.
Purpose: Ceftriaxone has been associated with development of pseudolithiasis. In our institution, it is used for treatment of perforated appendicitis in children. This study evaluated the occurrence of ceftriaxone-related pseudolithiasis in this population.
Methods: After obtaining IRB approval, we performed a retrospective chart review over 51 months. We included patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy for perforated appendicitis. All patients were treated with ceftriaxone post-operatively. Patients without initial or post-treatment gallbladder imaging available for review were excluded.
Results: There were 71 patients who met inclusion criteria with a mean (±SD) age of 10.8 ± 3.8 years. Of these, 14 % (n = 10) developed stones or sludge in the gallbladder. The mean duration of ceftriaxone therapy was 8.7 ± 3.8 days. The average time to post-antibiotic imaging was 11.5 ± 10.3 days from initiation of antibiotics. There was no significant difference in duration of ceftriaxone therapy in the children that developed pseudolithiasis or sludge (10.0 ± 4.9 days) compared to those that did not (8.5 ± 3.6, p = 0.26). One child (10 %) with pseudolithiasis went on to become symptomatic, requiring a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Conclusions: In our experience, ceftriaxone use for perforated appendicitis is associated with a significant incidence of biliary pseudolithiasis, and is unrelated to duration of ceftriaxone therapy.
Pediatric surgery international
Anti-Bacterial Agents; Appendicitis; Ceftriaxone; Child; Cholelithiasis; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Retrospective Studies; Time Factors
Alemayehu, H., Desai, A. A., Thomas, P., Sharp, S. W., St Peter, S. D. Ceftriaxone-induced pseudolithiasis in children treated for perforated appendicitis. Pediatric surgery international 30, 323-326 (2014).