Two-center Analysis of Long-term Outcomes after High Ligation Inguinal Hernia Repair in Adolescents.

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High ligation of the inguinal hernia sac is standard practice for many pediatric surgeons in postpubertal adolescents. Most adult surgeons do not use this technique to repair indirect inguinal hernias because of concerns for higher recurrence rates compared with mesh repairs. Therefore, we examined long-term outcomes of adolescent high ligation hernia repair performed by pediatric surgeons. Telephone surveys were conducted on children over 12 years old at the time of repair, and patients and/or their parents were contacted 18 months postrepair. Patients were identified from two institutions between 1998 and 2010. The incidences of reoperation, recurrence, presence of bulge, chronic pain, or numbness were determined. A total of 210 patients (40.7% response rate) were available for phone interviews at 18.6 to 159.5 months postrepair. Mean age was 14.6 ± 1.8 (range: 12.0-19.0 years). Fourteen patients had pain (6.7%) and five had numbness (2.4%). There were four (1.9%) patients with a second operation, two of which confirmed a recurrent hernia. Three patients expressed concern about possible recurrence. Two report a bulge, but have not been evaluated. Pediatric hernia repair with high sac ligation appears effective in patients anatomically similar to adults with low recurrence rate and low incidence of chronic symptoms. These data suggest that prospective trials on the adequacy of high ligation in adults are warranted.

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The American surgeon





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MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; Child; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Hernia, Inguinal; Herniorrhaphy; Humans; Incidence; Ligation; Male; Postoperative Complications; Retrospective Studies; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome; United States

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