Racial disparities in motorcycle-related mortality: an analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank.
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown racial disparities in outcomes after motor vehicle crashes; however, it is currently unknown if race impacts the likelihood of mortality after a motorcycle crash (MCC). The primary objective of this study was to determine if race is associated with MCC mortality.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of MCCs included in the National Trauma Data Bank between 2002 and 2006. Multiple logistic regression was used to adjust for age, sex, insurance status, year, helmet use, and injury severity characteristics.
RESULTS: Black patients had a 1.58 (95% confidence interval, 1.28-1.97) increased odds of mortality after a MCC, but were more likely to use a helmet (1.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.19-1.43) compared with their white counterparts (n = 62,840).
CONCLUSIONS: Black motorcyclists appear more likely to die after a MCC compared with whites. Although the reasons for this disparity are unclear, these data suggest that resources beyond encouraging helmet use are necessary to reduce fatalities among black motorcyclists.
American journal of surgery
Accidents, Traffic; Adolescent; Adult; African Americans; Aged; Craniocerebral Trauma; Cross-Sectional Studies; Databases, Factual; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Head Protective Devices; Health Status Disparities; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Motorcycles; Retrospective Studies; Young Adult
Motorcycle; Brain Injury; Head Trauma; Death; Disparities; Inequality; National Trauma Data Bank; NTDB; Traffic Accident
Crompton, J. G., Pollack, K. M., Oyetunji, T. A., Chang, D. C., Efron, D. T., Haut, E. R., Cornwell, E. E., Haider, A. H. Racial disparities in motorcycle-related mortality: an analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank. American journal of surgery 200, 191-196 (2010).