Adherence to APSA activity restriction guidelines and 60-day clinical outcomes for pediatric blunt liver and splenic injuries (BLSI).
BACKGROUND: After NOM for BLSI, APSA guidelines recommend activity restriction for grade of injury +2 in weeks. This study evaluates activity restriction adherence and 60 day outcomes.
METHODS: Non-parametric tests and logistic regression were utilized to assess difference between adherent and non-adherent patients from a 3-year prospective study of NOM for BLSI (≤18 years).
RESULTS: Of 1007 children with BLSI, 366 patients (44.1%) met the inclusion criteria of a completed 60 day follow-up; 170 (46.4%) had liver injury, 159 (43.4%) had spleen injury and 37 (10.1%) had both. Adherence to recommended activity restriction was claimed by 279 (76.3%) patients; 49 (13.4%) reported non-adherence and 38 (10.4%) patients had unknown adherence. For 279 patients who adhered to activity restrictions, unplanned return to the emergency department (ED) was noted for 35 (12.5%) with 16 (5.7%) readmitted; 202 (72.4%) returned to normal activity by 60 days. No patient bled after discharge. There was no statistical difference between adherent patients (n = 279) and non-adherent (n = 49) for return to ED (χ2 = 0.8 [p < 0.4]) or readmission (χ2 = 3.0 [p < 0.09]); for 216 high injury grade patients, there was no difference between adherent (n = 164) and non-adherent (n = 30) patients for return to ED (χ2 = 0.6 [p < 0.4]) or readmission (χ2 = 1.7 [p < 0.2]).
CONCLUSION: For children with BLSI, there was no difference in frequencies of bleeding or ED re-evaluation between patients adherent or non-adherent to the APSA activity restriction guideline.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, Prognosis.
Journal of pediatric surgery
Adolescent; Child; Emergency Service, Hospital; Exercise; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Guidelines as Topic; Humans; Liver; Male; Patient Compliance; Patient Readmission; Prospective Studies; Spleen; Treatment Outcome; Wounds, Nonpenetrating
Abdominal trauma; Blunt trauma; Injury; Pediatric; Splenic injury
Notrica, David M.; Sayrs, Lois W.; Krishna, Nidhi; Ostlie, Daniel J.; Letton, Robert W.; Alder, Adam C.; St Peter, Shawn D.; Ponsky, Todd A.; Eubanks, James W.; Tuggle, David W.; Garcia, Nilda M.; Leys, Charles M.; Maxson, R Todd; and Bhatia, Amina M., "Adherence to APSA activity restriction guidelines and 60-day clinical outcomes for pediatric blunt liver and splenic injuries (BLSI)." (2019). Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers. 841.