Are Foley catheters needed after minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum?

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DOI: 10.1016/j.surg.2017.10.049


BACKGROUND: High narcotic requirements after minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) can increase the risk of urinary retention. Placement of intraoperative Foley catheters to minimize this risk is variable. This study determines the rate of urinary retention in this population to guide future practice.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively all patients who underwent MIRPE from January 2012 to July 2016 at 2 academic children's hospitals. Data collected included demographics, BMI, severity of the pectus defect, postoperative pain management, and the incidence of urinary retention and urinary tract infection (UTI).

RESULTS: Of 360 total patients who underwent MIRPE, 218 had an intraoperative Foley catheter. Patients with epidural pain control were more likely to receive a Foley catheter. The urinary retention rate was 34% for patients without an intraoperative Foley, and 1% in patients after removal of an intraoperatively placed Foley. Urinary retention was greater with an epidural compared with patient-controlled anesthesia (55% vs 26%, P = .002) in the no intraoperative Foley group. No urinary tract infections were identified. Epidural pain control was the only risk factor on multivariate analysis for retention in patients without an intraoperatively Foley catheter.

CONCLUSION: Intraoperative Foley catheters obviate urinary retention without increasing the risk of urinary tract infection after MIRPE. These results will allow surgeons to better counsel patients regarding Foley placement.

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MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; Child; Female; Funnel Chest; Humans; Incidence; Intraoperative Care; Male; Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures; Orthopedic Procedures; Pain, Postoperative; Postoperative Complications; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Treatment Outcome; Urinary Catheterization; Urinary Retention; Urinary Tract Infections

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